Last updated: 29 November 2021
The 2021 Building Code update aims to make new homes and buildings more energy efficient.
Outcome of the 2021 Building Code update
Decisions for issuing, amending, and revoking acceptable solutions and verification methods.
The Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) are proceeding with updates to acceptable solutions and verification methods to make new builds warmer, drier and healthier.
This update is being made following a consultation that received more than 700 submissions totalling 3000 responses and more than 600 pages of feedback. This is more than the previous five years of Building Code consultation responses combined.
A summary of the decisions is provided below but we encourage you to read the outcome document for additional information on the feedback we received and the decisions themselves.
On 2 December 2021, MBIE will be hosting a webinar to discuss the final decisions from this year’s update.
Summary of decisions
1. Energy efficiency for housing and small buildings
MBIE is proceeding with changes to roof, window, wall and underfloor insulation requirements by issuing the new edition of Acceptable Solution H1/AS1 and Verification Method H1/VM1 for housing and small buildings. The new insulation requirements aim to reduce energy needed for heating residential homes of approximately 40% over minimum previous requirements.
2. Energy efficiency for large buildings
MBIE is proceeding with changes to roof, window, wall and underfloor insulation requirements and issuing the new H1/AS2 and H1/VM2 for large buildings. This aims to reduce the energy needed for heating and cooling of 23% on average across new large buildings over previous minimum status quo requirements.
3. Energy efficiency for heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems in commercial buildings
MBIE is publishing the new verification method H1/VM3 with modifications to the proposed text to clarify the requirements and address items raised in the consultation. This new verification method allows building owners to better monitor the performance of their HVAC system and know that the system is using energy optimally.
4. Natural light for higher-density housing
MBIE is publishing the new acceptable solutions G7/AS1 and G7/AS2 with minor modifications to the proposal. The existing outdated G7/VM1 will be replaced with a verification method to demonstrate compliance using computer modelling. Refreshing these acceptable solutions and verification methods for clause G7 Natural Light helps ensure people have sufficient amounts of daylight in higher-density housing.
5. Weathertightness testing for higher-density housing
MBIE is issuing the new edition of E2/VM2 without any modifications to the proposal. The revised weathertightness testing method cited in E2/VM2 that can be used to demonstrate that cladding systems are sufficiently weathertight. The new version does not significantly change the minimum performance requirements and existing tested cladding systems will not need to be retested.
6. Standards referenced in B1 Structure
MBIE is referencing the new versions of four standards in the acceptable solutions and verification methods for B1 Structure.
7. Editorial changes to Acceptable Solution B1/AS1
MBIE is proceeding with the editorial corrections to Acceptable Solution B1/AS1 without any modifications to the proposal.
The effective date for the new acceptable solutions and verification methods is 29 November 2021 with a transition period of one-year ending on 3 November 2022.
However, the new window insulation requirements in the warmest climate zones will see a different approach with an interim increase in the next year and an additional increase in the following year. This means by the end of 2023, all parts of the country will have a similar minimum level of window insulation requirements.
More information is provided in the outcome document and in the new Acceptable Solution H1/AS1 and Verification Method H1/VM1:
Building and construction sector climate change response timeframes
In this year’s consultation, we heard that there is uncertainty about how the Building Code would address climate change in future. Many submitters discussed differences between the proposed changes to the Building Code and the Building for Climate Change frameworks that were consulted on in 2020.
The outcome document discusses the building and construction sector climate change response which includes a diagram that shows the high-level timeframe for this response. Additional information is provided in the discussion on the energy efficiency changes.
We encourage you to read the outcome document for more information on how future updates to the Building Code will continue to focus on reducing carbon emissions.
Outcome of the operating protocols consultation
Decisions for referencing standards and a tier framework to support standards in the Building Code system.
MBIE are publishing two new operating protocols to provide increased transparency and certainty about the activities MBIE undertakes as stewards of the Building Code. The protocols outline how MBIE references standards in the Building Code system and supports the development of standards.
These protocols are being published following consultation earlier this year. The feedback from the consultation emphasised the importance that standards have in the building system and the desire for strategies to be in place across all building-related standards to ensure their upkeep. MBIE are committed to working with the sector and Standards New Zealand to address these issues strategically to ensure we have plans in place across the range of standards referenced in the Building Code.
MBIE considers that the process of developing and consulting on operating protocols has been useful to help generate discussion, increase transparency and identify any issues that need further work.
Please read the outcome of consultation on the Building Code operating protocols for more discussions on the feedback we received and the revisions we made from the proposals.
Earthquake geotechnical engineering practice series
As part of this year’s update, MBIE are re-issuing the guidance documents "Earthquake geotechnical practice series (Modules 1 - 6)" under section 175 of the Building Act.
These modules were developed alongside the New Zealand Geotechnical Society and Engineering New Zealand and were first published in 2016 and 2017.
The updated guidance documents address feedback received from the geotechnical sector and ensure that they continue to be regarded as the current, credible references for geotechnical design of buildings
Background on the consultation
The consultation on this year’s update ran between 6 April and 28 May 2021.
View the 2021 Building Code update consultation document - mbie.govt.nz
On 21 April 2021, Building Performance held a webinar to discuss the proposed changes.
For those who attended the webinar, there were some questions which we didn't get to on the day. We have been through the comments and questions and provided information below.
Background reports on H1 Energy Efficiency
Several participants in the webinar asked for further details on the analysis of insulation requirements, to expand upon the information provided in the consultation document.
To provide further background on the proposals for consultation, we have provided copies of reports commissioned by MBIE on this topic. These reports were produced by BRANZ and Beca and provided information on the thermal modelling and cost benefit analysis for determining the R-values in the consultation document.
These reports provided a solid foundation for us to consider the implications for the design of new buildings in New Zealand. However, for more information on the regulatory context and other factors to consider for these proposals, we encourage you to review the consultation document.
Building Code regulations
The annual Building Code update provides a predictable timeline for consultation and publishing new material to support compliance with the Building Code. This can include all parts of the Building Code system including the Building Code regulations (the 41 Building Code Clauses), acceptable solutions, verification methods and guidance information.
This year, there are no changes proposed to the Building Code regulations. However, a review of the current performance clauses for H1 Energy Efficiency, G5 Interior Environment and G6 Airborne and impact sound is currently in progress.
View the Building Code regulations - legislation.govt.nz
The changes to climate zones will better reflect specific weather in different parts of New Zealand and will no longer be "one size fits all". Our aim in making these updates is to make sure homes and buildings are more suited to the climate where they are being built.
The six climate zones are based on thermal modelling of buildings using NIWA climate data files for 18 different climate stations. These climate stations were previously selected by NIWA to represent the different climates experienced around New Zealand. The climate zone boundaries also take into consideration territorial authority (local government) boundaries to make it easier to follow and understand what requirements apply to the different parts of the country.
There will always be exceptions to the site specific conditions of a building so the modelling methodology in the H1 Energy Efficiency verification methods H1/VM1 and H1/VM2 to allow for adjustments for local conditions and project specific concerns.
The proposed R-values in the consultation document are construction R-values for roofs, walls, floor and windows. This is detailed in the draft acceptable solution and verification methods in the appendix of the consultation document. For example, H1/AS1 Subsection 2.1.4 describes the method for determining the thermal resistance of building elements and can be found on page 69 of the consultation document.
Insulation values from other countries are shown in the consultation document as a tool to illustrate that current New Zealand requirements are behind international standards with similar climates to New Zealand. Some people have commented on the values used to compare for England, Wales and Ireland. If you’re interested in seeing the source material it is available below.
Requirements for England [PDF KB] - gov.uk
Requirements for Wales [PDF KB] - gov.wales
Latest requirements for Ireland - gov.ie
For England and Wales, the values we've shown in the consultation document are the absolute minimum requirements for those countries. We chose to use these values to provide more of a fair comparison, and to be sure we are not overstating their performance.
Ireland now has higher performance standards than the values we show in the consultation document because our source document has been superseded by an updated version with Ireland’s requirements now going further.
High thermal mass walls
Allowances for higher thermal mass walls is proposed to be removed the Acceptable Solution H1/AS1. This is discussed in the consultation document in Section 1.4.6 "Other changes within H1/AS1 and H1/VM1". Verification Method H1/VM1 provides a better and fairer way to determine how much insulation is required for these types of buildings. Designers of buildings with high mass walls would still have the option of using the simpler compliance methods of H1/AS1 but without any special treatment of buildings with high mass walls.
The extent to which high mass walls can help reduce the amount of heating and cooling energy required to maintain comfortable indoor temperatures depends on a number of factors. For example, the density and thickness of the materials that the walls are made from, the size of these walls, whether the insulation is placed on the interior or exterior side of the walls and the extent to which the interior surfaces of the high mass walls are exposed to direct sunlight. Thus, the energy efficiency benefits of homes and buildings with high mass walls are best assessed through computer thermal modelling.
Airtightness, infiltration and thermal bridging
MBIE is monitoring other aspects that impact energy efficiency and a building's internal environment, and will work to resolve any issues in future Building Code updates such as airtightness and thermal bridging.
Residential building types
Energy savings and investment figures which are provided for Proposal 1: Energy efficiency for housing and small buildings are based on a detached single-storey house as this is predicted to remain the most popular building type in New Zealand.
Multi-unit dwellings such as apartments are included in Proposal 1 in the Building Code consultation document. The way multi-unit dwellings are used by their occupants is similar to other residential building types and different to large non-residential buildings such as office buildings. Therefore, multi-unit dwellings are proposed to be covered by the same energy efficiency requirements as all housing. MBIE is aware that the thermal characteristics of apartments is different to low-rise detached homes. The Building for Climate Change programme proposes to introduce a more holistic framework for different building shapes and typologies.
Webinar on the 2021 update
On 2 December 2021, MBIE hosted a webinar to discuss the final decisions from the 2021 update.
There were a number of questions on the H1 Energy Efficiency changes asked by viewers during the webinar which we didn't have time to answer on the day. We have been through questions and provided further information on this year's update.